Kankrej Cattle – an Indian zebu breed: What dominant feature does the breed have?

10:01 05/08/2022

Kankrej cattle are a breed of Zebu cattle. They originated from the Kankrej Taluka of Banaskantha district in the state of Gujarat in India. And the breed gets it name from it’s home tract ‘Kankrej‘.

They are also known by some other names such as WagadWagedWadhir, VaghiyarVadhiyarNagar and Talabda.

Kankrej cattle breed comes from southeast of the Desert of Cutch in western India, particularly along the banks of the rivers Banas and Saraswati which flow from east to west and drain into the desert of Cutch.

Kankrej Cattle Characteristics

Kankrej cattle are large in size. And it is one of the heaviest Indian cattle breeds. Their color varies form silver to gray to iron gray or steel black. Newly born Kankrej calves have rust red-colored polls, and this color disappear within 6 to 9 months.

Kankrej cattle have short face, their forehead is broad and slightly dished in the center. Their nose looks slightly upturned. Their hump, forequarters and hindquarters are darker than the barrel, especially in the bulls. They have lyre-shaped strong horns. And their horns are covered with skin to a higher point than in other breeds.

The ears of this cattle are large, pendulous and open. The hump in the bulls is well developed. The dewlap is thin but pendulous and bulls have pendulous sheaths. Their skin is slightly loose and of medium thickness. Pigmentation of the skin is dark.

Their legs are particularly shapely and well balanced. And have small feet which are round and durable. On average Kankrej bulls weight about 550-570 kg, and cows about 330-370 kg.

Uses

The Kankrej cattle are very hardy and active animals. They are very highly prized as a fast and powerful draft cattle breed. The breed is also raised as a dairy cow in India.

Special Notes

Kankrej cattle is resistant to Tick fever and it shows very little incidence of contagious abortion and tuberculosis. It has also been observed that the red color is recessive.

As a very hardy breed, the Kankrej bullocks are used for road transport and agricultural operations. The cows are good milkers.

On an average, Kankrej cows yield about 1738 kg in a lactation period which ranges from 257-350 days. The average fat content in their milk is about 4.8 percent. The average age at first calving is about 39-56 months.

Kankrej cattle is a very important breed in the formation of some other popular cattle breeds.

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